Infrastructure

Infrastructure

Roads and transport

The East Kazakhstan region is connected with the Almaty, Karaganda, Pavlodar regions by the republican roads of Almaty-Ust-Kamenogorsk, Karaganda-Ayagoz-Bogas, Omsk-Maikapchagai. In addition, the region is connected with the People's Republic of China by the Taskesken-Bakhty highway and the Russian Federation by the Ust-Kamenogorsk – Shemonaiha - Russian border route.

The most used roads are “Taskesken - Bakhty”, “Omsk - Maikapchagai”, “Semey - Russian border - Voskresenovka - Petropovlovka - Zubair - Baytanat - Russian border”.

The main transit corridor that passes through the territory of the East Kazakhstan region is the Omsk-Maikapchagai highway of republican significance, which connects the Republic of Kazakhstan with the Russian Federation and the PRC.

East Kazakhstan region has a developed transport infrastructure. The transport network consists of road and rail, water (river) routes, air transport infrastructure. The regional transport network is an important part of the transit system with connections to the People’s Republic of China and the Russian Federation.

The main mode of transport used for the transportation of passengers in the region is road transport.

The region has the longest public road network in the Republic - 11,886 km, including: the republican value - 3,414 km (28.7%), the regional value - 3,186 km (26.8%), the district value - 5 285.9 km (44.5%).

7,086 km of them are with hard surface, 3 988.4 km with gravel and 811 km with gravel, with 514 bridges and 6,610 culverts located on them.

Passengers are transported by road on 334 regular routes, of which: 145 - intracity, 51 - intra-district, 14 - intra-town; 83 - intra-regional long-distance and suburban, 21 - inter-regional, providing communication with the cities of Astana, Almaty, Pavlodar, Karaganda, Taldykorgan, Kokshetau, 20 - international routes providing communication of settlements of the region with cities of Russia - Barnaul, Novosibirsk, Omsk, Tomsk, Rubtsovsk , Kemerovo, Krasnoyarsk, Novokuznetsk, Zmeinogorsk, People's Republic of China - Urumqi, Altai.

Railway transport

The East Kazakhstan railway department has a significant impact on the economy of the region, serves as a link for such industries as metallurgy, mining, construction materials, engineering, agricultural, food, forestry and woodworking.

The main highways passing through the region are: “Semipalatinsk - Lokot”, “Semipalatinsk - Almaty”, “Semipalatinsk – Pavlodar”, “Zashchita - Lokot”, “Zashchita - Zyryanovsk”, “Zashita - Leninogorsk” and “Zashita - Shar”.

The total length of the main railways in the region is 1,209 km, which is 8% of the total length of the railways of Kazakhstan.

The density of the region’s railways is 4.1 km per 1,000 km2, which is 1.4 km below the national average (5.5 km per 1,000 km2 for Kazakhstan). The railway track on the territory of the region is mainly single-track (10.5 km from the common routes - double-track), the lines are not electrified.

The technical condition of the railway tracks is satisfactory, the percentage of the unsuitability of wooden sleepers is 15% of the total number of wooden sleepers on the main track, the number of kilometers with overdue overhauls by year is 21% of the total length.

Passengers and baggage are carried in the following interregional and international directions: Protection - Almaty, Leninogorsk - Astana (with one trailer car to Moscow), Tomsk - Leninogorsk, Semey - Kyzylorda, and also transit: Novokuznetsk - Semey - Bishkek, Novosibirsk - Semey - Almaty, Novosibirsk - Semey - Tashkent, Pavlodar - Semey - Almaty, Pavlodar - Semey - Karaganda.

Railway transport connects the regional center with the cities of Semey, Kurchatov, Ayagoz, Shar, Ridder, Zyryanovsk and Shemonaiha regions.

Air Transport

There are 4 airports, of which 2 airports are allowed to serve international flights (Ust-Kamenogorsk, Semey), 2 airports serve local airlines (Zaisan, Urdzhar village). According to ICAO standards, the airport of Ust-Kamenogorsk has been assigned category I.

Air traffic covers the cities of Ust-Kamenogorsk, Semey, Zaisan and with. Urdzhar. The regional center and the city of Semey are connected by air with such regions of Kazakhstan as the cities of Almaty, Astana, and Karaganda. International communication with the Russian Federation (Moscow, Novosibirsk).

Water transport

The main shipping line of the inland waterways of the region is the Irtysh River, which flows from the PRC border to the border with the Russian Federation. The length of the river on the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan is 1 698 km, including the territory of the region - 1 116 km.

In the region today there are three shipping gateways, two ports: the cargo port of Irtysh-Trans LLP and the river port in Semey.

Strengths:
1) an increase in the share of local roads that are in good, satisfactory condition;
2) developed road network;
3) passenger traffic growth over the past three years;
4) bandwidth reserves.

Opportunities:
1) the expansion of the route network of all types of transport for the population of the region, through the resumption and opening of internal auto routes, the organization of subsidies for domestic rail and air traffic;
2) implementation of the Nurly - Zhol Program and the Development and Integration of the Infrastructure of the Transport System of the Republic of Kazakhstan till 2020 program;
3) the introduction of international standards of quality management in the road sector;
4) the introduction of toll roads;
5) implementation of projects in order to develop the transit capacity of the region.

Connection

In the region there are 32 enterprises providing telecommunication and communication services, 236 post offices with a number of postmen - 599 people.

The coverage of rural settlements with more than 1 000 people is 100%.

The number of fixed telephone lines is 347.7 thousand units, including the population - 295.3 thousand units (in rural areas - 100.9 thousand units).

The number of fixed Internet subscribers is 145.9 thousand units, of which 133.1 thousand units are using broadband access (including 56.9 thousand units using fiber-optic connectivity). The number of cable television subscribers is 13.7 thousand units, satellite television - 84.4 thousand units.

Strengths:
1) advanced telecommunications services;
2) modernization of the PBX with the replacement of new digital technologies next generation networks;
3) the widespread introduction of the Internet.

Opportunities:
1) providing the population and organizations with affordable and high-quality communication services;
2) the transition of citizens and organizations to the widespread use of information and communication technologies in everyday life;
3) provision of the population with universal communication services.

Heat supply

There are 4 thermal power plants in the region - Ust-Kamenogorsk CHP, Sogrinsk CHP, Riddersk CHP, CHP-1 Semey, which provide heat and hot water to consumers in the cities of Ust-Kamenogorsk, Semey and Ridder.

There are 672 boiler houses with a capacity of up to 100 Gcal, of which 462 use solid fuel, 26 use liquid fuel and 184 boiler rooms using electric boilers.

Thermal energy is produced by 120 sources of heat supply and 422 installed boilers (power plants).

Strengths:
1) the growth of heat energy production by regional heat sources;
2) the presence in the field of coal deposits, which are the source of cheap fuel for CHP and boiler areas.

Opportunities:
1) prospects for the development of unconventional heat sources;
2) the introduction of new technologies in the field of centralized heat supply (improving the efficiency of boilers, pre-insulated pipes);
3) government support measures (Regional Development Program until 2020);
4) modernization of heat supply facilities.

Gas supply

Consumption of liquefied petroleum gas (propane-butane) is carried out through 670 group tank installations (of which 204 are active), mainly in the cities of Ust-Kamenogorsk, Semey, Ridder, the village named after Kasym Kaysenov of the Ulan district, Borodulikha and Shemonaikhinsky regions, and natural gas in the city of . Zaisan.

There are 276 gas distribution installations and 82.8 km of gas pipelines.

In addition, the construction of intra-settlement gas distribution networks is being carried out in 9 settlements of the Zaisan District (Karabulak, Kensai, Kaynar, Ainabulak, Zhambyl, Kogedai, Shalkar, Karatal, Ulken-Karatal). Works in 6 villages (Karatal, Karabulak, Kensai, Ainabulak, Kaynar, Zhambyl) have been completed and are ready for connection to gas pipelines.

According to preliminary calculations, the transition of boiler-houses to natural gas as the main source of heat generation will reduce emissions of harmful substances (coal ash, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen and carbon monoxide) 9 times from 31 thousand tons to 3 thousand tons, which will significantly improve the environmental and the social situation in the region.

Strengths:
1) accreditation of gas supplying organizations of the region allowed to ensure the import of liquefied gas at stable prices from the petrochemical plants of Kazakhstan;
2) the development of gas infrastructure in the Sarybulak field.

Opportunities:
1) the development of the Sarybulak gas field will allow gasifying settlements of the Zaisan district;
2) the provision of natural gas to large settlements and the transfer of heat sources to the use of this type of fuel will significantly improve the ecological situation in the region.

Water supply

The East Kazakhstan region is one of the most water provided regions of Kazakhstan.

The main water consumers are: population (41.2 million m3), utilities (22.9 million m3), manufacturing enterprises (72.5 million m3.) And other consumers (0.9 million m3).

Water supply is provided by 66 enterprises. In the public water supply systems of the population, 4,338.0 km of water pipelines are in operation (in cities - 2,591.7 km with an average depreciation of 70%, in villages - 1,746.3 km with an average depreciation - 65%), including group and main water lines - 557.5 km (depreciation - 60%).

There are 738 settlements in the region, of which 13 cities and towns and 326 rural settlements are provided with centralized water supply. The population in 412 villages uses water from local sources (wells, wells, capitals, etc.), including 398 people in three villages (station 41 passing, Dyusaken crossing of the Borodulikha district and in the village of Zhazyk of Semey) use imported water. water

Strengths:
1) the presence of the Irtysh River and numerous lakes;
2) sufficient level of fresh groundwater reserves.
3) the implementation of 80 projects on water supply of settlements in the region over the past 5 years;
4) achievement of the indicator of access of the population to high-quality drinking water up to 86%.

Opportunities:
1) implementation of the Program for the Development of Regions up to 2020, which makes it possible to increase the provision of the population with drinking water;
2) the development of new deposits of fresh groundwater;
3) improving the technical condition of water supply systems, increasing the cost of water purification and water treatment;
4) the introduction of modern efficient technologies;
5) improvement of the service operation by equipping with material and technical base.

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